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The National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) host and provide access to one of the most significant archives on earth, with comprehensive oceanic, atmospheric, and geophysical data. From the depths of the ocean to the surface of the sun and from million-year-old tree rings to near-real-time satellite images, NCEI is the nation’s leading authority for environmental information.
Earth’s global average surface temperature was 1.71°F (0.95°C) above the 20th-century average in 2019. Nine of the 10 warmest years on record have occurred since 2005.
$1.16 trillion in damages
Over the past 15 years (2005-2019), there have been 156 separate billion-dollar weather or climate disasters in the U.S that have cost a combined $1.16 trillion in damages.
28 times more efficient
Methane is roughly 28 times more efficient at trapping heat in the Earth’s atmosphere compared to carbon dioxide, and current levels of methane in the atmosphere are higher than at any point in the past 2,000 years.
The number of La Nina events across the tropical Pacific Ocean since 1950. La Ninas cool the waters of the central and eastern Tropical Pacific Ocean affecting the air above it, starting a domino-effect in the atmosphere impacting the climate worldwide.
The number of Argo buoys currently deployed across the world’s ocean to measure the temperature and salinity. First deployed in 200, Argi buoys measured their 2 millionth ocean profile in 2018.
A month-long cyclone?
The longest-lived tropical cyclone (hurricane) on record was the Pacific’s Hurricane John, which lasted 31 days in 1994, from August 10–September 10.